Respiratory Evaluation and Treatment

respiratory treatment

Respiratory disease in horses can involve the upper respiratory tract such as the nasal passages, sinuses, and throat, or the lower respiratory tract including the trachea and lungs.

Upper airway abnormalities are diagnosed using video endoscopy and digital radiography of the nasal passages. Abnormalities diagnosed in these locations may include (but are not limited to) laryngeal hemiplegia, dorsal displacement of the soft palate, sinus cysts and then problems within the guttural pouches.

Diseases of the lower airway are diagnosed using a combination of video endoscopy, digital radiography and ultrasonography of the chest, transtracheal washes, and bronchoalveolar lavages. Pneumonia, pleuropneumonia (shipping fever), exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage, inflammatory airway disease, and heaves are all diseases of the lower airway that require diagnosis using the above techniques.